Chevrolet Cruze

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Chevrolet Cruze
ManufacturerGeneral Motors
Also calledDaewoo Lacetti
Holden (model name yet to be revealed)
Production2008–present
AssemblyBupyong, South Korea
Lordstown, Ohio
St. Petersburg, Russia
Shenyang, China
Elizabeth, South Australia, Australia
PredecessorChevrolet Cobalt
Daewoo Lacetti
ClassCompact
Body style(s)4-door sedan
LayoutFF layout
PlatformGM Delta II platform


The Chevrolet Cruze is a compact car produced by General Motors (GM) since 2008, replacing two unrelated cars—the Chevrolet Cobalt and Daewoo Lacetti. First introduced in 2008 for the South Korean market as the the Daewoo Lacetti, this replaced the car of the same name sold since 2003. The previous generation Lacetti was sold throughout Asia, Europe and Oceania as either a Chevrolet, Daewoo or a Holden. GM will replace this previous model with the new Cruze throughout 2009; using the same badge engineering strategy employed before. In North America, the Chevrolet Cobalt will be phased out and replaced by the Cruze from 2010.[1][2]

Underpinned by the GM Delta II platform, GM claims the Cruze was, "developed by a global design and engineering team and will be built in multiple locations around the world".[3] Such locations include Bupyong, South Korea; St. Petersburg, Russia;[4] Shenyang, China;[5] Elizabeth, South Australia, Australia;[6] and Lordstown, Ohio;[7] where GM is investing more than US$350 million.[8]

The first renderings of the Cruze were revealed by GM at a press conference on July 15, 2008.[9] GM released the first official images of the Cruze on August 21 at GM Lordstown Assembly plant in Lordstown, Ohio.[10]

Market

Australia

The Australian arm of GM, Holden, announced on 22 December, 2008 that its Elizabeth, South Australia production line would be split, and production of a local version of the Cruze sedan and hatchback would commence in 2010 to combat slowing sales of the larger, locally-produced Holden Commodore range.[11] It has been announced that the vehicle will be produced with four-cylinder direct-injection petrol and diesel engines.[12] However, Holden revealed that liquid petroleum gas (LPG), compressed natural gas (CNG) and ethanol (E85) flexible-fuel powertrain technologies, plus a hybrid start-stop system, are all under consideration. These "alternative" fuel systems would allow Holden to take advantage of the Australian Government's AU$6.2 billion "Green Car Innovation Fund".[13]

Europe

The Chevrolet Cruze European model will feature four-cylinder petrol and diesel engines, while the North American version will have a turbocharged 1.4 litre direct-injection gasoline engine.[3] The announced European models include following engine options: 1.6 litre petrol engine rated 112 PS (110 hp/82 kW), 1.8 litre petrol engine rated 140 PS (138 hp/103 kW), and 2.0 litre turbo diesel engine rated 140 PS (138 hp/103 kW) and 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) torque.

South Korea

The Chevrolet Cruze was launched in South Korea as the Daewoo Lacetti Premiere on October 30, 2008. It features a 1.6 litre 85-kilowatt (114 hp) naturally aspirated engine paired with a six-speed automatic transmission.[14]

References

  1. "All-new Chevrolet Cruze features dramatic design". GM Media Online. 2008-08-21. http://media.gm.com/featured_vehicles/Chevy_Cruze.htm. 
  2. Spinks, Jez (2008-08-22). "Viva MkII! Holden’s new small car revealed". Fairfax Media. http://www.drive.com.au/Editorial/ArticleDetail.aspx?ArticleID=56374. Retrieved on 2008-08-22. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Lienert, Paul (2008-07-08). "IL Insider: 2011 Chevrolet Cruze". Edmunds. http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=128686. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. 
  4. Matlack, Carol (2008-10-03). "Chevrolet Pins Europe Hopes on Cruze". BusinessWeek. http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/oct2008/gb2008103_024704.htm?chan=globalbiz_europe+index+page_top+stories. Retrieved on 2008-10-04. 
  5. Lienart, Paul (12 December 2008). "Running Out of Cash at Home, GM Opens Another China Plant". http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=138188. Retrieved on 19 December 2008. 
  6. Hagon, Toby (2008-12-22). "Holden to build small four-cylinder car". The Age. http://www.theage.com.au/national/holden-to-build-small-fourcylinder-car-20081222-73av.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-22. 
  7. Brooks, Glenn (2008-07-11). "US: GM to build Chevrolet Cruze at Lordstown plant". Automotive World. http://www.automotiveworld.com/WAM/content.asp?contentid=69427. Retrieved on 2008-08-22. 
  8. "GM to Spend $500 Million to Launch the Chevy Cruze, a New Small Car". United States Department of Energy. Federal government of the United States. 2008-08-27. http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/news/news_detail.cfm/news_id=11948. Retrieved on 2008-09-04. 
  9. Arnold, Mark (2008-07-15 2008). "2010 Chevy Cruze: Rick Wagoner Unwraps First Shots Of Chevy Cruze, Cadillac SRX". Jalopnik. http://jalopnik.com/398599/rick-wagoner-unwraps-first-shots-of-chevy-cruze-cadillac-srx. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. 
  10. Keegan, Matt (2008-08-21). "GM Releases First Chevy Cruze Photographs". The Auto Writer. http://thearticlewriter.com/autowriter/gm-releases-first-chevy-cruze-photographs/. Retrieved on 2008-08-23. 
  11. Mellor, John; Pettendy, Marton (2008-12-22). "Holden to build all-new small car from 2010". GoAuto. John Mellor. http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/92924A2534FDC499CA257527000AE664. Retrieved on 2008-12-23. 
  12. Blackburn, Richard; Hagon, Toby (2008-12-22). "Holden to build small four-cylinder car". Fairfax Media. http://www.drive.com.au/Editorial/ArticleDetail.aspx?ArticleID=59831&IsPgd=0. Retrieved on 2008-12-23. 
  13. Emmerson, Russell; Martin, Stuart (2008-12-23 2008). "Holden to make new four-cylinder car at Elizabeth plant". The Advertiser. News Limited. http://www.news.com.au/adelaidenow/story/0,22606,24832289-2682,00.html. Retrieved on 2008-12-23. 
  14. Tan, Paul (2008-11-03 2008). "Chevrolet Cruze finally launched as the Daewoo Lacetti Premiere in South Korea". Paul Tan. http://paultan.org/archives/2008/11/03/chevrolet-cruze-launched-daewoo-lacetti-premiere-south-korea/. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.